sleep disorder

Many people have difficulties when sleeping, which is normal and it can be temporary with some. The state or condition when one lacks to sleep will be caused by some factors like stress, tiredness or other factors. Here are the common types of conditions related to lack of proper sleep

1. Sleep Apnea

This is a common disorder that entails the stoppage of normal breathing temporarily, especially when you are sleeping. Breathing will stop temporarily as a result of the upper airways being blocked. The pausing of the breathing will affect your sleep, which will make you wake up severally. Most of the people with this condition might not remember waking up at night. However, they would feel too much exhausted, depressed, decreased productivity or irritable, mostly during the day.

This condition is considered serious and can be extra threatening to a person’s life. It is always advised to see a doctor immediately, in case you or someone else is suffering from this condition. However, it can be treated using a CPAP, a Continuous Positive Airway Pressure. This is a device that is worn like a mask and it delivers a flow of air as you are sleeping. Also, sleeping on the side, working out and elevating the head-section of the bed can help to treat the condition.

Symptoms
Some of the symptoms of this condition include the following;
• Loud and recurring snoring
• Recurrent pauses in breathing.
• Chocking, snorting or gasping.
• Waking up feeling tired, with nasal congestion, chest pains, shortness of breath, a dry throat or a headache.
All these symptoms are noted when one is sleeping.

2. Snoring

This is another common condition, which will affect almost everyone. Nevertheless, it will be more common in men and anyone who is overweight. The condition will also get worse as one is aging.

Causes of Snoring
Snoring will be mostly caused when the air flow, via the nose and mouth is obstructed. Some of the things that can obstruct the air flow include the following;
• Blocked nasal airways.
• Bulky throat tissue.
• Weak muscles in the tongue and throat
• Heavy tissues in the throat. This can be mostly as a result of the extra fat in the body.
Generally, any obstruction is caused by the tissues between the throat, which allow the flow of air through the nose and mouth.

3. Insomnia

This is the condition that is commonly termed as the lack-of-sleep condition. It is basically the incapability to get enough sleep, so that you can wake up feeling refreshed and rested. This condition will be caused by such factors like basic health conditions, depression, anxiety or stress.
Common Symptoms
• Low energy and sleepiness during the day.
• Exhausting and light sleeps.
• Frequent waking up during the night.
• You need a sleeping pill, supplement or night cap, in order to sleep well.
Generally, it will caused by a number of lifestyle choices, which can also be avoided. It does not necessarily need a medication to solve it.

4. Narcolepsy

This is a lack-of-sleep condition that entails the excessive and uncontrollable sleepiness during the day. The major cause of it is the dysfunction of the brain mechanism, which regulates sleeping and waking up. Anyone who has this condition can experience sleep attacks as they are working, driving or talking. A sleep attack is an abrupt sleep that overcomes the person.

Symptoms
• Dreaming before you are in deeply in your sleep. Also, you can hear or see things when you are drowsy. You can also experience sleep talking, before you sleep completely.
• Sudden weak feeling of the muscles, especially when you experience strong emotions, like when you are angry or laughing.
• You might also feel paralyzed or you may not be able to move, especially when you are dozing off or when you are starting to sleep.
This condition entails the loss of strength when one is sleepy.

5. Restless Legs Syndrome, RLS

This is a disorder that you will be pushed to move your arm or legs. This urge will mostly occur as you are lying or resting and the major cause is tingly, aching, creeping or uncomfortable feeling.
Symptoms
• You might feel uncomfortable in the legs or the arms, which is followed by an irresistable urge to move the limbs.
• The sensations of the leg will be prompted by the rest, which can be worse as you sleep.
• Uncomfortable feeling that will temporarily get better as you stretch, move or massage the leg or arm.
This condition is mostly affected by an uncomfortable sensation on the leg or arm.

6. Periodic Limb Movement Disorder, PLMD

PLMD is the recurring jerking or cramping of the leg when you are sleeping. This is the only disorder related to the movement of the body parts during sleep. The term Periodic means that the movements of the limb will occur repeatedly. Mostly after 20 to 40 seconds, when you are asleep. The movements may also affect the sleep and it will lead to sleepiness during the day. It is also closely related to the Restless Leg Syndrome and can occur along with it.

7. Parasomnias

This is a set of disorders that may occur as a result of the REM movement disorder or in some cases, it can be caused by the non-REM movement disorders. Some of the types of parasomnias include the following;
• Night terrors. Here, the person will wake from the sleep when they are terrified. They will also be confused and cannot be able to communicate. They may not respond to any calling or voice and will not be fully awake. It can last for around 15 minutes, then the person can get back to sleep or stay awake.
• Nightmares. These are dramatic events that will inflict terror, anxiety or fear in a person. If you have the nightmare, you would wake up abruptly from the REM sleep. Here, you will be able to describe what you saw in the dream.
• Sleep walking. This will occur when the affected person will seem awake and move around, though they are asleep at this time. Here, the person will not remember what went on when they were sleep walking.

Most of the sleep conditions will be affected by the lifestyle of a person, which affects them when they are sleeping. Deep exercises daily can help to solve most of the conditions.